Terrill seemed to have gained support from his engineers because they cheered him when he was about to meet top management to fight for their cause. Normally associated with the formal authority to allocate organisational rewards to employees. You can view samples of our professional work here. Lastly, the appro… Becomes complicated when more than just leadership qualities are being discussed, makes it hard to focus on specific skills 3. Meanwhile, the decisional roles make decision on how to deliver the information to other parties. Study for free with our range of university lectures! The conceptual weaknesses I found are similar to those in most earlier leadership theories, and they include ambiguous constructs, insufficient description of explanatory processes, a narrow focus on dyadic processes, omission of some relevant behaviors, insufficient specification of limiting conditions (situational variables), and a bias toward heroic conceptions of leadership. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Here are some of their findings. Legitimate power, reward power and coercion power fall in this category. His networking skills were clearly demonstrated when he empathised with the engineers and responded positively that engineers in the Technical Services division should not be tied down with paperwork if top management expected them to be more productive. It is impossible to fully understand a different perspective when it does not apply to you. No plagiarism, guaranteed! Some could say one of the strengths of contingency theory is its longevity Contingency theory has survived over the decades as a valid and reliable approach on how to achieve effective leadership because it is grounded in empirical research. Instead, they should be allowed to focus more on accomplishing their engineering tasks. Situational leadership refers to a leadership style where the leader of an organization has to modify his style to fit the progression level of the followers he is trying to influence. Even though there are varying outcomes from these researches, a majority of the research results agreed that differences in leadership styles definitely exist among male and female leaders. All these ten roles can be applied to any managerial situation depending on the requirement of the circumstances. It gives each team member an advantage because their leader is adapting their personal approaches to meet specific needs. Company Registration No: 4964706. Its guidelines are valuable in guiding situational leadership. The engineers did not need much prompting and directions from him to take on new initiatives which help contribute to their productivity. In the essay below, situational leadership will be identified, along with the strengths and weaknesses of the situational model. Informational roles – Monitor, Disseminator and Spokesperson – process the information and act as a link to all the managerial roles. The Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership Model is built on the concept using “follower maturity” as the key issue which affects adjustment in leadership styles. A shift in the other direction could make it difficult for workers to know what to do, even if they’re ready to be working on their own. [2]. One of those leadership styles was called transactional leadership. For example, the engineers are given high autonomy in completing their tasks with minimal supervision by Terrill. Using the power vested in his position as the manager of the team coupled with the mandate given by top management to solve the productivity issue, Terrill issued an order which was against the wish of company management. If the leader is adept at reading changing situations and understands what people need, then they can be useful in their role. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. The top management’s concern about the low productivity further showed the importance placed on his team. Works to stress the concept of developing leadership skills, rather than focusing on the ones that are already possessed 3. Its known by managerial gird. Although men still hold the fort, more women are seen entering the workforce with an increasingly number of them being promoted to high managerial positions (Druskat, 1994). Delegating. Power is able to shape one’s actions and behaviour; thus, it can be maintained that decision making can be influenced with the existence of power sources in a system. Responsible for allocation and sets priority for organisational resources via budgets, etc. Directing, motivating, training, advising, influencing, encouraging, promoting development of others. Situational leadership is based more on meeting an exact need, at the moment, then an approach which looks toward the long-term needs of a team. Most Effective Style of Leadership: Studies have shown that transformational leadership is more effective than transactional leadership.One study noted that it ranked first in terms of effectiveness. In conclusion, there are differences in leadership styles by gender. If there is a bad morning for a worker, then their capacity for stress will be likely diminished. These show that women are fast being recognized in their roles as capable leaders. Generally, people holding higher position are able to exert more organisational power compared to those in lower ranking jobs. Leaders who are able to adopt different styles based on what is required of them will be most successful. Situational Leadership can decipher situational complexity. Strengths and weakness of LMX The LMX theory has some strengths in regard to the leadership process, and they include: first, the theory validates the structuring of outgroup and in-group from the relationship between the leader and the members. Its approach hinges on addressing the individual needs, skill sets, strengths and weaknesses of employees to help them meet business goals. From Disabled and $500k in Debt to a Pro Blogger with 5 Million Monthly Visitors, 13 Situational Leadership Advantages and Disadvantages, 15 Laissez Faire Management Style Advantages and…, 14 Co Leadership Advantages and Disadvantages, 11 Autocratic Leadership Advantages and Disadvantages, "From Disabled and $500k in Debt to a Pro Blogger with 5 Million Monthly Visitors. He successfully proved his point by showing top management that the high stack of report produced over the last three weeks were not read by anyone because no one asked to look at them. This style of leadership is not dependent on the skills of a leader; rather it is based on a leader's ability to adjust to the requirements of a team or organization in order to be a better and more effective leader. Clear vision. In the role as school principal which requires more interpersonal ability, women display greater task-orientation. In 1947, Max Weber described a number of different leadership styles that could be viewed within the confines of corporate management. Women in leadership roles were seen to be more collaborative, less hierarchical and more cooperative, caring and promoting self-worth of others (Helgesen, 1990; Book, 2000; Rosener, 1995). Table 1: Hersey-Blanchard Situational Table Leadership Model, Managers who are keen to use the Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership Model must first fully understand or be able to assess/gauge the level of maturity of its subordinates with reference to their readiness or commitment to perform their job tasks. * Leaders are differentiated by their ability to inspire and provide individual consideration, stimulation and influence to followers. Instead, it all depends on the situation at hand and which type of leadership and strategies are best-suited to the task. In an organizational context, power is directly related to hierarchy or structure and legitimacy which come with positions. The first primary skill involves diagnosis. We all have different experiences and perspectives that create diversity. When the situational leader cannot be flexible, then their strengths are taken away from them. Through his research, Mintzberg (1973) also managed to conclude that all the above ten roles fall into three broad categories which are interlinked. Situational leadership is an approach where leaders’ behavior may vary depending on a particular situation. Strengths And Weaknesses Of Situational Leadership 1164 Words 5 Pages According to Northouse (2013), “Situational leadership stresses that leadership is composed of both a directive and supportive dimension, and that each has to be applied appropriately in a given situation” (p. 99). Combined with the use of situational leadership theory, one who is in touch with their own strengths and weaknesses as well as their employees’ can be a very effective leader. Transactional approach values desired results in exchange for rewards, motivations or punishments; thus, transactional leaders will stress on higher productivity and offer rewards (or punishment) as motivation ( Burns, 1978). When using situational leadership, … Leaders are a key human resource in any organisation. The Cons: Weaknesses and Limitations of Transformational Leadership. From the study, it was concluded that: Female principals are more task-oriented compared to male principals. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. Looking at the two-by-two matrix, the Delegating Leadership Style is described as Low Task, Low Relationship, whereby intervention from managers is kept to a minimum with the assumption that the subordinates are able, willing and confident of accomplishing the tasks at hand. Terrill also successfully exercised the division’s expert power to ensure top management did not impose trivial matters (such as writing internal daily reports) which consume much of the engineers time so that they could concentrate on accomplishing their engineering tasks. Situational leadership® is a leadership model, which has been largely influenced and molded by its early developers Ken Blanchard and Paul Hersey. Situational leadership theories emphasize the importance of adjusting leadership processes to fit the needs of followers in a given scenario. However, many women nowadays earn their organisations’ mandate and are appointed as CEOs and MDs of companies. If the situational leader leaves the company and a suitable replacement cannot be found, it could lead to a complete turnover of the team. An effective leadership is contingent upon a number of variables, such as traits, leading style, communications skills, conflict resolutions, and be able to motivate team members. To sum up, job delegation should be a gradual process until the leader is satisfied and confident that the tasks can be accomplished with minor supervision. Handles internal crises and conflicts involving employees, and also external changes. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. For most workers, that creates a situation which allows them to be comfortable with their job duties. Engage in exchange of information. Due to social values, experience and thoughts associated with feminine characteristics (Goldberger, Clinchy, Belenky and Tarule, 1987), women leaders generally use the “soft” approach when dealing with others. Women leaders generally tend to adopt a “softer” approach such as democratic and participative. In 1969, Blanchard and Hersey developed Situational Leadership® Theory in their classic book Management of Organizational Behavior. Transformational leaders brought about changes in organizations by inspiring, motivating and sometimes acting as role models for employees to identify with (Bass, 1985). Then they choose the most appropriate type of leadership style to use for that given circumstance. Introduced by James MacGregor Burns (1978), the transformational leadership concept defines an approach which encourages positive and valuable changes in performance and morale of followers based upon the behaviours and characteristics of leaders. In contrast, due to the masculine nature of men as perceived by societies, male leaderships tend to be more assertive, aggressive, controlling and confident (Eagley et al., 2000). When studying the repeated actions of the individuals over prolonged periods of time, common actions were noticed. Maintain information and contacts. Since it was stated that all 20 of his subordinates are engineers who are highly paid and best educated, it can be deduced that this group of employees are high performers in their area of expertise within the organization. Because of this, many corporations believe it is an effective model to help ensure that … These five sources of power can be broadly categorised into positional power and personal power. Conceptually, due to the differences in nature and characteristics of men and women, there are bound to be distinct features which affect their leadership styles. During his meeting, he played his role as a liaison or intermediary between the engineers and top management. * Leaders are conscious of the relationship between reward and effort. Knowledge and skills of the engineers are highly valued by the organisation, which was why they were never reprimanded for their lack of productivity before. We generally think of companies competing by means of their products, but they probably compete more by means of their leaders than their products. This approach improves the effectiveness of a team by maximizing the output of each individual member of the team. In some situations, the situational leader may do more harm than good because they misread the situation, formulating an answer that is inappropriate. Based on their aptitude and the fact that the engineers requested top management to stop making them spend too much time on writing reports, Terrill was able to gauge that the employees possess high capabilities of performing their tasks and are also willing and confident to do their job provided that they were given the opportunity and time needed to accomplish their tasks. However, Terrill had anticipated a showdown with top management and had already thought up a plan to back up his actions. The reality of the situation is everyone has strengths and weaknesses. Male leaders, on the other hand, adopted stronger approaches which are consistent with natural dominating and controlling characteristics of men. Trait Theory Weaknesses. Effective leaders should be able to adjust their leadership styles according to the situation at hand. Describe the three theories of situational leadership and what you consider to be the strengths and weaknesses of each theory when leading staff in the organizational environment. The participative approach of leadership has numerous strengths. They must also understand the scope of the project or task that must be completed. One primary example of this is the difference between men, women, and transgender workers. * Leaders use rewards to encourage their followers to achieve desired results. When dealing with a highly matured and capable team, the situational leader will gradually reduce their supervision … This is what allows … First of all, participative leadership promotes a healthy working environment through making each member feel important and needed in the organization. It is sometimes misunderstood as being biologically determined and solely related to the sexual characteristics of men and women. Hence, leaders are most successful and effective when they can evaluate a situation accurately and act according to the requirements of the situation instead of generally applying the same form of leadership across all circumstances (Fiedler, 1951). Instead of lumping all employees into one generic category, the situational leader looks at individual situations. He then suggested that management do away with the daily report and one brief report from his office on a monthly basis is sufficient. Trait Theory Strengths. To illustrate the point, all three interpersonal roles – Figurehead, Leader and Liaison – provide information. This role was demonstrated during his first management meeting with the engineers. That allows them to tailor training scenarios for new workers that will bring them up to speed quickly. Traits like micromanaging, inconsistency, a lack of awareness and other similar qualities can be attributed to weaknesses in leadership skills. It is the universal bank which provides services such as investment banking, credit card facility and wealth management etc. The company is forced to stick with that type of leadership because other leadership styles only focus on the structure or process. To illustrate, while the company management requires that the engineers turned in daily reports to headquarters, Terrill ordered them to turn in the reports to his office instead. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. However, with the rise of movements towards equality in gender in the modern world, more societies have begun to change their mindsets and accept the fact that women also have roles to play in the development of the society and economy (Inglehart and Noris, 2003). Theories; Timeline; Topics Psychology portal; Situational strength is defined as cues provided by environmental forces regarding the desirability of potential behaviors. When a situational leader is responsible and quick, problems dissipate before they become issues that interrupt the day. This present paper examines the situational leadership approach as one of the styles that leaders and managers of organisations can use. In the case of DGI International’s Technical Services division, John Terrill practiced the delegating style based on the profile of the team in his division. Four leadership styles which emerge from this two-by-two matrix model (see Table 1) are Participating, Selling, Telling and Delegating. Leadership styles can also be affected by external factors such as the nature of work, business environment, organizational culture and industry structure. Many cultures across the globe regarded women as the weaker sex with limited roles to play in the social system. In the DGI International case study, John Terrill adopted the Delegating Leadership Style (Hersey and Blanchard, 1982) based on the assumption that the team of engineers in the division that he was heading has high level of job readiness or maturity owing to the fact that they are the highest paid and best educated employees within the organization. Leadership competencies which work in one given situation may not be effective under different circumstances (Graef, 1983). Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? That is because they’re being asked to follow a particular set of rules, policies, or regulations that are inflexible. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. These styles involve relationship with followers through understanding of their emotions and building the self-worth through motivation, aspiration and encouragement. In his liaison role, Terrill tried to maintain positive relationship with the engineers and not take sides with the top management by using any form of coercion on his team. It is generally accepted that the leadership styles of men and women vary because of differences in behaviour of men and women which are shaped by society and culture (Eagley, Wood and Diekman, 2000). Weaknesses of Fielder's Contingency Model. Home » Pros and Cons » 13 Situational Leadership Advantages and Disadvantages. His ability to influence the engineers to voice out their grievances which affected their performance showed that he was successful in getting to the root of the department’s productivity problem. For mature followers who have high level of job readiness, this leadership style will give them a great sense of accomplishment which acts as motivator to give their best and increase productivity (Hersey and Blanchard, 1988). Ability to Categorize Observable Behaviors. Arguing that authentic leadership has weaknesses and may not be the way to go is … He did not reprimand the engineers for the poor performance of the Technical Services division without first finding out the cause of their low contribution to productivity; instead, he offered to resolve the conflict by trying to get to the root of the problem and find a lasting solution that will help them to increase their output in the organisation. Strengths and weakness of LMX The LMX theory has some strengths in regard to the leadership process, and they include: first, the theory validates the structuring of outgroup and in-group from the relationship between the leader and the members. Positional power refers to external power which is vested in an individual’s formal role, position or authority. No matter what strengths a singular leader has, he or she still has weaknesses and shortcomings -- … That process can cause some leaders to become fixated on the end prize instead of looking at the details required to achieve that goal. Inadvertently, it will be easier for Terrill to turn around the department because his engineers will have more respect for him and will not hesitate to help him achieve their goals. In a 3 to 4 page paper (excluding the title and references pages), please explain why situational leadership theory is useful and relevant in developing an effective leadership culture. Situational leadership® is a leadership model, which has been largely influenced and molded by its early developers Ken Blanchard and Paul Hersey. According to Henry Mintzberg (2004), based on his research on the various activities of managers in a business setting, the roles of managers can be classified into ten types as depicted in the following table: Perform duties which are symbolic and ceremonial. This advantage enables the leader to find educational opportunities for their established workers as well. Some leaders prefer to roll up their sleeves and get to work with everyone, coaching as they work to promote equality within their team. The only way to get to know someone is to step into their shoes. Helps develop a strong understanding of leadership 2. For this reason, situational leadership has been advanced as a major theory of leadership. In general terms, situational leadership is a model that allows leaders to adjust their style based on their “followers,” or direct reports. The main advantage of situational leadership is that the model is easy to understand and use. In conclusion, managers are involved in a myriad of activities when performing the managerial functions. Motivation, focus, and skill are the areas of diagnosis that are focused upon, allowing the leader to determine who the best person for each task will be. In charge of internal and external information links. (2006) entails that power need not have goal compatibility but only dependence. Empowerment allows for a certain degree of independence which promotes accountability and creativity in individuals. By understanding these managerial roles, managers will be able to discharge their duties more efficiently and effectively. Uniform Reactions Are Not Probable. The Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership Model is built on the concept using "follower maturity" as the key issue which affects adjustment in leadership styles. The situational theory of leadership suggests that no single leadership style is best. Because this leadership style allows for changes to be made, leaders get to switch between the different styles that are most effective at each readiness level. 12. The term power, authority, domination and control are often used interchangeably as there is a thin line separating their meanings (Pheby, 2004). People change and evolve based on the daily circumstances they encounter. According to this theory, the most effective leaders are those that are able to adapt their style to the situation and look at cues such as the type of task, the nature of the group, and other factors that might contribute to getting th… On the other hand, expert power and referent power can be grouped as personal power because they involve internal or personal traits which belong to individuals. These individuals may struggle to remain flexible and adapt to situations that could benefit from more listening and less “telling.” Rigidly insisting on a specific set of rules and procedures can be demoralizing to a workforce, and can dissuade employees from coming forward with important information about … Their goal is to evaluate the competency of each worker, then boost motivation levels based on the style which is most useful for that person. High-level problem-solving is still under their purview, but they allow team members to actively participate in the decision-making process. In DGI International’s case study, John Terrill applied a combination of both position and personal powers to solve the problem faced by his subordinates in the Technical Services division. With the four strengths of the situational approach, some weaknesses were also identified by Northouse. This style works best with people who know their limitations and are open to change. * Leaders control the actions of their followers by depending on reward, inducement, punishment and sanction. These leaders can approach direct reports at any level of maturity to provide them with the counsel they may require. In male dominated settings such as the military, transformational leadership may not be preferred. This power is also embedded in formal job descriptions that are mutually agreed to by employees in an organisation. He convinced them that he would stay out of their way and get the top management off their backs so that the engineers can accomplish their tasks as expected. * Leaders motivate their followers by arousing their emotions and acting beyond the framework of exchange relations. Terrill first demonstrated his legitimate power during his meeting with the engineers. 1st Jan 1970 That allows for fires to be put out and morale to be salvaged, but it also creates issues where personal development can be stalled. These activities can be clustered into broad categories and identified into roles. 1. In this case, Terrill did not use any reward or coercive power because he did not impose any reward or punishment in getting to the root of the problem and then making sure that his engineers would carry out their tasks after that. And Benefits of Transformational leadership may not feel intuitive to task-oriented or regimented. Can adopt an approach that will bring them up to speed quickly style will more... Acting beyond the framework of Exchange relations like micromanaging, inconsistency, a company registered in England Wales... Using decentralized … Transformational leaders help employees accept change through engagement and improving relationship or.... 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