SOIL MANAGEMENT. However, if a pre-emergent herbicide was applied late February to mid-March, postpone any cultivation practices that will disturb the soil until just before the next pre-emergent herbicide application date. Soil test every two years. Mid-summer: Depending on the soil type, fertilize with ½ to 1 pound of actual nitrogen per 1,000 square feet in June or July using a fertilizer that is also high in potassium, such as a 15-0-15. For more information on disease control, please see HGIC 2150 Brown Patch & Large Patch Diseases of Lawns. Pests can become a problem, especially if Zoysia is not growing healthily (too much fertility or water, etc.). Irrigate the soil to a depth of 4 to 6 inches; this can be determined by probing the soil with a screwdriver or similar tool. However, this is not always the case. This should be done just before the time of lawn green-up, which usually occurs during late April or early May. Do not apply postemergence herbicides unless weeds are present, grass is actively growing, and the lawn is not suffering from drought. Receive Email Notifications for New Publications. That means you need to buy 10 pounds of fertilizer for every 1,000 square feet of lawn. Zoysia Maintenance Tips. Mow Empire zoysia grass … Follow label directions for use of any herbicide and use with caution during these times. Do not apply nitrogen until you see that the lawn has started to improve. Weed Control After the lawn has become dormant, water as needed to prevent excessive dehydration. While the differences may be small, they mean the difference between a good-looking lawn and a spectacular lawn. Fertilization: Fertilization of zoysiagrass should be based on soil test results, and this is a good time to test soil. For best control and to lessen the chance of turfgrass injury, always apply herbicides to turfgrass and weeds that are actively growing and not suffering from drought or heat stress. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment regardless of age, color, disability, family and marital status, gender identity, national origin, political beliefs, race, religion, sex (including pregnancy), sexual orientation and veteran status. Weed Control: To control crabgrass, goosegrass, sandspurs, and other summer annual weeds, apply a pre-emergent herbicide early in the year. As temperatures start to warm in late spring, monitor for mole cricket activity. This should be done just before the time of lawn green-up, which usually occurs during late April or early May. Once established, there is little that you need to do to keep your Zoysia lawn alive and healthy. Contact the local County Extension office or the Home & Garden Information Center for weed identification and control measures. Two, don't over water. Apply 1⁄2 to 1 pound of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet in late June or early July. It is not necessary to mow, but do remove rocks, sticks, and leaves. Use herbicides with caution as the turf is emerging from winter dormancy. 2’-2 ½” should be a general rule. In heavily infested turf, the areas may grow together and thus will not appear circular. Do not apply nitrogen at this time. In certain situations where large patch has been prevalent yearly, a preventative fungicide application may be needed starting in early October to stay ahead of the disease. ‘BA-189’ ‘BA-189’ is a Zoysia japonica cultivar developed by the Uni-versity of Florida (‘BA-189’ was formerly marketed under the brand UltimateFlora™). Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. Fertilization:Apply 1/2 pound of nitrogen per thousand square feet three weeks after the grass turns green. Photo Credit: UF Photo Credit: UF Zoysia Turf Program The program recommended in this fact sheet is based on granular applications and recommended for turf that has a low - moderate maintenance need by homeowners. Fall maintenance for Empire Zoysia is easy as 1, 2, 3. Aerification: Core aeration is the process of punching small holes in the turf and into the soil to alleviate compaction, thus allowing air to get to the root system. These 3-way mixes typically contain 2,4-D, dicamba, and mecoprop. Because of this, it will be important to monitor temperatures and apply the needed management practices based on that year’s climate. Insect Control: Any insects that were missed during the nymphal stage in the summer will have grown to a size where damage is occurring. It has performed well in sandy and This publication printed on: Dec. 22, 2020, Zoysiagrass needs 0.5 to 1 inch of water a week. See Water Requirements of North Carolina Turfgrasses (AG-661) for assistance in establishing controller runtimes in your region of North Carolina. Potassium, commonly known as potash, may be applied to enhance winter hardiness if a soil test indicates insufficient levels of potassium. Apply postemergence herbicides only when weeds are present. If the turf at the edge of the dying area shows a smoky brown, rotted appearance, it will be necessary to apply a fungicide treatment. Zoysiagrass Lawn Maintenance Calendar Lawn Maintenance Calendars . )is a warm­seasonturfgrass that has been Irrigation: Water to prevent drought stress. Indians. In the meantime, mow and bag the weeds. For more information, refer to HGIC 1204, Lawn Renovation. Proper irrigation now will help reduce problems later in the summer. Mowing heights below 1 inch will require a reel type mower to achieve satisfactory results, and with zoysiagrass, a reel type mower will give better results at any height. Apply postemergence herbicides as needed to control summer annual and perennial broadleaf weeds. Replant large areas using zoysiagrass sod or plugs. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. Fungicides should be applied in the fall when soil temperatures consistently reach 70°F. The authors would like to thank Arthur Bruneau, Henry Wetzel, Daniel Bowman, Richard Cooper, and Cale A. Bigelow for their prior contributions. Zoysiagrass is normally vegetatively planted (sod or plugs), but seeded varieties Zenith and Compadre are available. Fertilizer Calculations: To determine amount of granular fertilizer needed to apply ½ pound of actual nitrogen per 1,000 square feet, divide 50 by the first number on the fertilizer bag. This is especially important if warm, bright days preceed days forecasted to be in the low 20’s or lower. Alternatively, the lawn can be hand raked to remove the excessive dead leaf material from the lawn surface. If the bagger is picking up soil, especially sand, the mower blade may need to be sharpened more often than once per month. They are often classified based on leaf width or texture, with the finer textured ones including Cavalier, Emerald, Geo, Leisure Time, Meyer, Zeon, and Zorro. Mow the lawn when it first turns green in the spring using a rotary or reel mower set as low as possible without scalping the lawn. Follow label Nutrient Deficiencies: A yellow appearance during the growing season may indicate an iron deficiency due to excessive soil phosphorus and/or a high soil pH. A&T State University. Typically, sharpen the mower blade after every 15 thousand square feet of lawn mowed. If the soil stays saturated all winter, this can cause many other problems. Cont’ cut more than 1/3 the blade. Toccoa Green™ is similar in appearance and maintenance to ‘Diamond’; however, it has a much faster rate of growth and recovers more quickly from scalp damage. It is not unusual for zoysiagrass to green up and be burnt back several times during the late winter or early spring due to late season frosts. Once nighttime temperatures fall below 70 °F, slightly raise the mower to allow more leaf surface. NC State University and NC To help reduce disease problems, fertilize the zoysiagrass lawn according to recent soil test recommendations and water infrequently. For more information on weed control, see HGIC 2310, Managing Weeds in Warm Season Lawns and HGIC 2312, Nutsedge. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 1217 | Updated: Nov 2, 2018 | Print | Download (PDF). If a pre-emergent herbicide was not applied, then the resulting weeds will need to be controlled using post-emergent herbicides. The added moisture in the soil will help keep the growing points of the turf warmer, preventing crown death. Thatch Removal IRRIGATION. If an insect problem occurs, it is important to positively identify the problem and select the appropriate insecticide to apply. They make a very dense, wear-resistant lawn but are slow to recover from injury. Follow all label directions on the product for use and application rate. This turfgrass species normally produces a hefty thatch layer, so a little thicker thatch than for other turfgrass species is acceptable. Apply 1 pound of potash (K2O) per 1,000 square feet 4 to 6 weeks before the first expected frost by using 1.6 pounds of muriate of potash (0-0-60) or 2 pounds of potassium sulfate (0-0-50) per 1000 square feet. Zoysiagrasses are low-growing, very slow-growing, sod-forming grasses. You need to apply 1⁄2 pound of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet, but how much fertilizer do you need to buy? Weed Control: A selective, annual grass or broadleaf weed control pre-emergent herbicide that is labelled for use on zoysiagrass and applied during late winter and spring will reduce many weeds the following summer. Curative treatments for white grubs are applied after the larvae have hatched from the egg stage. Home Lawn Maintenance & Turf Care. Sharpen blades every spring. Apply broadleaf herbicides as necessary to control winter annual weeds like chickweed. Disease Control: For disease control, especially large patch, it is extremely important to treat with fungicides during the fall months. Zeon zoysiagrass is a fine-textured turfgrass that makes a beautiful, dark green, shade- & drought-tolerant lawn.Joey Williamson, ©2018 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Zoysiagrass (Zoysia) is a warm-season grass that spreads by rhizomes and stolons to produce a very dense, wear-resistant turf. When the entire lawn appears dry, apply ¾ to 1 inch of water the next morning. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. Soils in the Upstate are typically acidic and usually do not need sulfur applications, but they likely may benefit from lime applications. Watering Potassium is important for disease resistance and cold weather hardiness. Which will in turn needs to be mown more than … Do not use a power rake with a 1-inch blade spacing, as severe turf injury may result. Zoysia may need supplemental irrigation during drought stress to remain green. Maintenance After your Amazoy zoysia lawn is established it requires very little care and maintenance. Lime or sulfur may also be added if a soil test indicates a need. An application of a soluble iron product will enhance the green color without creating excessive growth. Location, terrain, soil type and condition, age of the lawn, previous lawn care, and other factors affect turf performance, so adjust these management practices and dates to suit your particular lawn. Granular herbicides must be watered into the soil soon after application. Insect Control: There are various insect pests that may attack zoysiagrass during the summer months. Crabgrass species, goosegrass, dallisgrass, purple and yellow nutsedge, annual sedges, and sandbur can be controlled with postemergence herbicides. Irrigation: In the absence of rainfall, continue to water to prevent drought stress. Jun : Jul . Observe the 1/3 rd rule by never removing any more than 1/3 rd Don’t overwater. For more information, refer to HGIC 1207, Watering Lawns and HGIC 1225, Conserving Turfgrass Irrigation. Do not apply more than 4 pounds of nitrogen per 1000 square feet per year. Two applications in the fall, 21 to 28 days apart, is usually sufficient to prevent large patch. For more information on aerification, refer to HGIC 1200, Aerating Lawns and HGIC 1226, Turfgrass Cultivation. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. Renovation However, fertilizers containing nitrogen should not be applied during this period unless the lawn is located along the coast and no frost is predicted. Repeat in mid-August. Disease Control in Zenith Zoysia. Cooperative Extension county center. Renovation: Replant large bare areas in May using sod, plugs, or sprigs (5 bushels per 1,000 square feet). Do not mow the lawn for 3 days prior to or 2 days after herbicide application. As with all pest control, proper weed identification is essential. Zoysiagrass grows best in full sun or partial shade and is well adapted to the piedmont and coastal plain. Here are some turfgrass variations if you need information about recommended mowing height, fertilization rate, shade tolerance, or other common problems. For more pest management information, see HGIC 2156, White Grub Management in Turfgrass, HGIC 2155, Mole Cricket Management in Turfgrass, and HGIC 2157, Bermudagrass Scale, Rhodesgrass Mealybug & Ground Pearl. One way is to monitor the lawn daily. If new turfgrass growth is encouraged by fertilization during the early spring and this is followed by a late frost, the result can be significant damage to the lawn. A warm-season grass, Empire zoysia tolerates some cold weather but prefers climates where the winters are warm. OK OK OK OK OK OK OK WATER: 1 inch per week if no rainfall OK OK OK OK OK OK OK FERTILIZATION: Use any turf fertilizer twice per year. However, two or three applications will be necessary for satisfactory control. Zoysia – General Notes. Check for and control any white grubs. There are two types of leaf blade textures with zoysiagrass: fine and coarse-bladed. However, with cooler nights and shorter day lengths, control can be quite difficult because of slow turf recovery during this time. Monitor the winter rainfall on a regular basis and apply water to the turf if no measurable rain occurs over a 3 to 4 week period. A soil probe can be used to monitor the soil moisture. Large patch and dollar spot are fungal disease that will occur during warm, wet weather. Broadleaf summer weeds, such as spurge and annual lespedeza, are controlled by using a 3-way, broadleaf weed herbicide. A sharp mower blade will cleanly cut the grass blades as opposed to tearing the leaves. The date of initial turf greenup can be quite variable. The resulting ragged ends on the blades make the grass more susceptible to diseases. If the grass in the footprints do not rebound, then water the next morning. Apply an insecticide to reduce the population and reduce further turf damage. For assistance, contact your local N.C. Irrigate the soil to a depth of 4 to 6 inches; this can be determined by probing the soil with a screwdriver or similar tool. On sandy soils, zoysiagrass may require up to, Preventive treatments for white grubs can occur in June, when adults are flying and starting to lay eggs. These grasses are typically used for lawns or general turf areas. Trent C. Hale, PhD, Former Extension Turfgrass Specialist, Clemson UniversityChuck Burgess, Former HGIC Horticulture Extension Agent, Clemson University, Gary Forrester, Horticulture Extension Agent, Horry County Extension Service, Clemson University. The improved turf-type zoysiagrass will produce a dense, low growing turf that has a slow lateral growth but normal leaf growth. They go dormant over winter, return to active growth in spring, and peak in dry, hot summer weather. 1/24/2019 Zoysiagrass Lawn Maintenance Calendar | NC State Extension Publications 2/ 5 — Read our Glyphosate should not be sprayed on dormant zoysiagrass, as it will cause injury. For more information on weed control, please see HGIC 2310, Managing Weeds in Warm-Season Lawns. Mowing:Mow the lawn when it first turns green in the spring using a reel mower set at 3/4 to 1 inch or a rotary mower set as low as possible without scalping the lawn. Although seed is available, this grass is usually established through s… Be sure to obtain current information about usage regulations and examine a current product label before applying any chemical. The following management practices will help you care for your lawn throughout the year. This is the only species of zoysiagrass that has seed commercially available. Curative treatments for white grubs are applied after the larvae have hatched from the egg stage. It requires less mowing but is tougher to mow than bermudagrass. Insect Control:  Cold winter temperatures will usually keep insect problems in zoysiagrass at bay. The need for phosphorus is determined by a soil test. Disease Control: The most common diseases that may occur on zoysiagrass during the growing season are large patch, formerly known as brown patch, and dollar spot. NOTE: Don’t be fooled by competitors offering 8-10 round applications. Make note of areas with white grub activity and plan to apply a preventive application in the spring or early summer. Fertilization: Always fertilize and add lime or sulfur based on a soil test. The zoysiagrass sod availability in North Carolina can be found by visiting the NC Sod Producers Association website. Turf within the affected area thins, and most of the shoots die. Each pest problem will have its own management strategy and is usually handled with cultural and chemical controls. Note: A yellow appearance may also arise in early spring. For more information on turfgrass watering, see HGIC 1225, Conservative Turfgrass Irrigation. For more information on thatch removal, see HGIC 2360, Controlling Thatch in Lawns. Cooperative Extension is based at North Carolina's two land-grant institutions, A long-term approach is needed to correct either cause, but iron can be added to quickly enhance turf color between the spring and summer fertilizer applications. Grass clippings decompose quickly and do not contribute to thatch. Approximate times are mid-February in the coastal and central areas and mid-March in the piedmont/mountain areas. Apply lime as suggested to modify soil pH. To manage a lawn, it is important to know the soil texture in the top foot of soil. Do not fertilize zoysiagrass at this time. Plugs should be planted on 6- or 12-inch centers (see Carolina Lawns, AG-69). NEW ZOYSIA MOWING INSTRUCTIONS. Many grassy weeds are controlled by quinclorac or fluazifop applications. Late Summer: Depending on the soil type, apply ½ to 1 pound of actual nitrogen per 1,000 square feet before August 15 using a fertilizer that is also high potassium, such as a 15-0-15. Mowing As temperatures increase, recovery begins but is slow. Minimal mowing, watering and annual maintenance will reward you with a thick, luxurious green lawn, which will also allow you to transplant additional zoysia plugs on your own. Specific timing will vary depending on white grub species, so plan to make an application when adult flight is at its peak (see White Grubs in Turf for specific recommendations). Most areas of South Carolina receive enough rainfall during the winter to avoid winter desiccation of lawns. In general, do not apply post-emergent herbicides during the spring green up of the turf. A&T State University, in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Once the threat for frost has passed, lawn aerification may be combined with dethatching to alleviate any soil compaction problems. The use of brand names and any mention or listing of commercial products or services in this publication does not imply endorsement by NC State University or N.C. A&T State University nor discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned. The basic maintenance for Zoysia lawns will be dependant upon soil fertility, rainfall, full sun or shadier area, grown north or south. Fall is when your Zoysia starts to slow down for the year, so now is the time to do preventative maintenance. Round 7 – Zoysia Winter Weed Control (Late Fall/Winter) Zoysiagrass Lawn Maintenance Calendar Download Calendar. If more than six grubs are found under the sod piece, apply a lawn insecticide labelled for grub control according to label directions. This is our basic service program. In partial shade, mow zoysiagrass at 2 to 2½ inches. Zoysia is a very low-maintenance grass. Apply 5 pounds of pelletized sulfur per 1000 square feet of turf. This will give the number of pounds of fertilizer product to apply to 1000 square feet of turf. This is not the best time to apply an insecticide for insect control because of cool soil temperatures and reduced insect activity. Fertilization However, as the soil temperatures start to climb, the yellowing should slowly go away. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. See HGIC 1201, Fertilizing Lawns, for more information. A soil test provides key information including soil pH, potas­ sium and phosphorous levels. The mower setting should be around 1 to 1½ inches high. White grubs may be active at this time but spring curative applications are not effective. Arise in early spring the winter pulled up ideal mowing height of 1½ to 2 inches lawn it! 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